Dating elizabethan times
It is the only place where one can step back into the Middle Ages to see, with a small effort of imagination, what a Forest looked like in use.' No other forest on earth evokes the atmosphere of a medieval hunting forest so completely. Large country park with good mixture of grassland and woodland and scenic views.
Formerly part of the estate of Havering Palace with Charles I being the last monarch to stay there in the 17th century.
They were converted to ferrous sulphate which was an essential chemical for making dyes and inks.) Along with Lingwood Common, Danbury Common forms the second largest area of Open Access commonland in Essex after Epping Forest.
Parts remain a traditional open common, while elsewhere the land has been allowed to revert to scrub and woodland.
20km of unsurfaced paths provide access for walkers, cyclists and horse riders but can be muddy and slippery after rain. Friday Woods is a nature reserve/army training area located on Bounstead Road in Colchester.
Part of the Roman River Site of Special Scientific Interest, it is an ancient woodland, modified in places by plantations of conifers and sweet chestnut.
Dryland slopes covered in oak and lime trees were common along the coastal line hundreds of years ago, this is now one of the few surviving examples.
Apart from birds, the main wildlife are noisy children on school trips. Oliver Rackham said:'Hatfield is the last wooded royal Forest in England in which all components survive: deer, cattle, coppice-woods, pollards, scrub, timber trees, grassland and fen.A Roman-British road dissects the wood which is still surrounded by intact medieval woodbanks.Once used for keeping 'wild swyne', probably after the extinction of true wild boar, there are early 17th century records of wood sales showing that lime bast, the bark used for making rope, was as valuable as the timber itself.This is a list of open spaces where you can walk and enjoy natural surroundings on permissive paths.Not all woods and nature reserves are included - we have attempted to show only those areas which provide additions to the public network of footpaths. This ancient woodland originates from the 12th century when it was recorded as "Bircehangra" which means, "Wooded slope growing with Birch trees".