Finally, the crushing of the Solidarity movement in Poland in 19 triggered an inflow of about 150,000 Poles.
Traditional labor migration and family reunification programs have been severely curtailed in the wake of widespread public discontent over levels of immigration in the early 1990s.
About two million people found temporary shelter in Austria in this period.
Although the majority of them traveled on to other Western states, many were granted asylum and subsequently integrated into Austrian society.
Historical Patterns of Migration Over the last two centuries, Austria has participated in various forms of international migration, including immigration, emigration, and transit migration.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, when the territory of today's Republic of Austria made up only about one-tenth of the Habsburg empire, migration was driven by that period's new forces of social change: industrialization, proletarization, and urbanization.